GRIP, together with CRED, MunichRE, ADRC, and LA RED have developed comprehensive disaster data standards to: permit the comparability of data from different sources; allow the integration of multiple sources of data about disasters; allow horizontal and vertical integration of disaster data; facilitate interoperability across systems; increase accessibility.
In collaboration with experts from the work group the GRIP team has produces produce this Disaster Data standards proposal which aims at facilitating the processes of exchanging, comparing, collating, consolidating and analyzing data regarding the effects and impact of disasters, and giving the international community a starting point for discussion which will enrich, assure correctness an encourage the adoption of the standard.
These Data Standards contain the following sections:
Use cases: different uses are considered for example Generic query/description of a database; Query for Event Record (when an event occurred); Query of subset of records based on geography, event type and time span; Query of statistics of events based on geography, event type and time span.
Terminology and Content standards: provides a reference glossary with definitions of disaster related terms, mandatory identification (dimensions) fields for disaster databases, definition of disaster impacts and other parameters;
Transaction compatibility: This section of the standard proposes sets of standard codes (such as codes for events, GLIDE, geographic codes, etc) that will allow computer systems to exchange, integrate, compare and in general interoperate disaster data);
Interoperability specifications: This component establishes the rules, protocols and standards for the automated exchange and interoperability of disaster data systems (initially as HTTP Requests, but later it could also include XML, SOAP, Web Services, etc).