With global climate change and rapid urbanization process, disaster has been a great challenge of development of Shanghai. Risk assessment, as one of the vital tools of risk management, is considered much more important than ever before. In view of characteristic of disaster of Shanghai, this paper puts forward the concept of urban disaster composite risk, and chooses indices to build index systems from hazards, historic disasters, exposure & fragibility, resilience ability. And then taking the 19 localities of Shanghai as research examples, based on the result from above research, this paper analyzes the characteristic and distribution of urban disaster composite risk of Shanghai, and give reasonable suggestions for government.
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SCIENTIA GEOGRAPHICA SINICA, Vol. 29, No. 3, Jun. 2009