Mapping and assessment of disasters frequently occurred in the past;
Identification and mapping of potential hazards;
Assessment of risk and vulnerability;
Assessment of emergency and mitigate measures of the past.
Multi hazard study was to assess and map different types of hazard, frequently occurred in Chitwan district and its risk and vulnerability. The main aim of the study was to identify disaster mitigation activities in order to reduce the loss of life and properties in the future.
Field mapping of disasters occurred in the past through observation and key informant discussions;
Socio-economic survey of all VDCs focusing on the areas prone to disasters through group discussions;
Assessment of different in situ and disaster triggering factors by analyzing available maps, aerial photographs and satellite images.
Multi-layer analog map analysis;
Multi layer, multi date satellite image analysis;
Identification of possible or potential hazard units;
Verification of identified result based on field surveyed existing hazard location;
Identification hazard prone spatial units.
Identification of different types of hazards with considerable loss of life and properties in the district;
Identification and mapping of hazard prone areas with quantification of risk at VDC.
The frequency and magnitude of flood and other water induced disasters, such as riverbank cutting, channel shifting has been increasing. The loss of these hazards has also increased;
Emergency and mitigation measures have been implemented in the district for several years. However, the loss as well as the risk has been increasing. No attempt has yet been made to develop community based early warning system;
There is absolute lack of local level institutions to deal with the issues of hazards.